Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent, unprovoked seizures. A seizure occurs when there is a sudden burst of electrical activity in the brain, leading to temporary disruption of normal brain function. These abnormal electrical discharges can cause various symptoms, ranging from brief lapses in attention to severe convulsions. There are different types of seizures, and they can vary in intensity and duration. Some seizures may involve only a specific part of the brain, while others may affect the entire brain.
The underlying cause of epilepsy is often not clearly understood, but it can result from various factors, including genetic predisposition, brain injury, infections, or other neurological conditions. Epilepsy can affect people of all ages, and its impact on daily life varies from person to person. While medications are commonly prescribed to manage and control seizures, some individuals may also benefit from surgical interventions or other therapies depending on the specific circumstances.
Epilepsy Meaning in Urdu:
مائیگرینایک نیورولوجیائی بیماری ہے جس میں دورہ وار، بے جذبات حرکات ہوتی ہیں۔ یہ بیماری عام طور پر اچانک ہوتی ہے اور اس کے دوران دماغ کی برقی سرگرمی میں اچانک اضافہ ہوتا ہے جو نرمل دماغی فعل کو موقت طور پر مختلف کر دیتا ہے۔ یہ غیر معمولی برقی ترتیبات کی بنا پر ہوتا ہے جس سے مختلف علامات نمایاں ہوتے ہیں، جیسے کہ چند لمحے کے لیے دہانہ ہوجانا یا شدید جھٹکے کھانا۔Epilepsy Symptoms:
The symptoms of epilepsy can vary from person to person and take many different forms. Epilepsy's main symptom is recurrent seizures. There are various forms that seizures can take, such as:
Absence Seizures: Brief lapses in consciousness, often accompanied by staring into space and subtle body movements.
Tonic-Clonic (Grand Mal) Seizures: Involves loss of consciousness, muscle stiffness (tonic phase), followed by jerking and convulsions (clonic phase). This is a more well-known and severe type of seizure.
Complex Partial Seizures: Altered consciousness and unusual, repetitive behaviors. The person may not remember the episode afterward.
Simple Partial Seizures: Involves localized symptoms without loss of consciousness, such as twitching or tingling in a specific part of the body.
Myoclonic Seizures: Sudden, brief muscle jerks or twitches, often affecting the arms and legs.
Atonic Seizures: Loss of muscle control, leading to sudden falls or a lack of muscle tone.
It's important to note that not everyone with epilepsy experiences all these types of seizures, and the frequency and severity can vary. Additionally, individuals may experience auras or warning signs before a seizure occurs, such as strange sensations, déjà vu, or unusual smells.Integrated Medical Care Hospital (IMC Hospital):
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