The circulatory system, sometimes referred to as the cardiovascular system, is an essential organ system in the human body that removes carbon dioxide and waste products while delivering nutrients, oxygen, blood, and other materials to different tissues and organs. It is made up of blood, blood arteries, and the heart.
Cardiovascular Meaning in Urdu
سب سے زیادہ دل کی بیماریوں کی وجہ سے لوگ موت کا شکار ہوتے ہیں۔ ایک عام اندازے کے مطابق تقریباً اٹھارہ ملین لوگوں میں یہ بیماریاں موت کی وجہ بنتی ہیں۔ ان بیماریوں کی وجہ سے خون کی شریانیں اور دل متاثر ہوتے ہیں۔ ایسے افراد جو غیر صحت مند غذائیں استعمال کرتے ہیں، ورزش کی عادت نہیں اپناتے، اور تمباکو جیسی مضرِ صحت اشیاء استعمال کرتے ہیں ان میں اس بیماری کے خطرات زیادہ ہوتے ہیں۔ اس کے ساتھ ساتھ جو افراد موٹاپے کا شکار ہوں یا جن میں بلڈ گلوکوز کا لیول زیادہ ہو، وہ بھی اس کا شکار ہو سکتے ہیں۔
Cardiovascular disease, often abbreviated as CVD, is a broad term that encompasses a range of conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels. These conditions can lead to various health problems, including heart attacks, strokes, and other cardiovascular-related issues. Some common cardiovascular diseases include coronary artery disease, heart failure, hypertension (high blood pressure), and peripheral artery disease.
The fatty deposits, or plaque, that accumulate in the arteries as a result of these disorders can obstruct blood flow to the heart or other areas of the body. One of the main causes of illness and mortality in the globe is cardiovascular disease. To prevent or treat cardiovascular disease, it's critical to control risk factors like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle.
Symptoms of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular disease can manifest with various symptoms, depending on the specific condition. Some common symptoms and warning signs of cardiovascular disease include:
Chest Pain or Discomfort (Angina): This is frequently reported as a chest ache, tightness, or pressure. On occasion, it may radiate to the back, jaw, neck, or arms.
Shortness of Breath: Feeling breathless, especially during physical activity or when lying down, can be a sign of heart or lung issues.
Fatigue: Unexplained and severe fatigue, especially if it's sudden or unusual for you, may be a symptom of heart problems.
Dizziness or Fainting: Feeling lightheaded, dizzy, or actually fainting can be related to inadequate blood flow to the brain.
Rapid or Irregular Heartbeat (Arrhythmia): Palpitations, a fluttering feeling in the chest, or an irregular heartbeat can indicate an arrhythmia.
Swelling: Edema, or swelling, especially in the legs, ankles, feet, or abdomen, can be a sign of heart failure.
High Blood Pressure: Hypertension, often called the "silent killer," might not present noticeable symptoms, but it's a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
Nausea or Indigestion: Unexplained nausea or discomfort in the upper abdomen can sometimes be associated with heart problems.
Cold Sweats: Experiencing cold, clammy sweats, particularly when accompanied by other symptoms, could be related to heart issues.
It's crucial to remember that some patients, particularly in the early stages of cardiovascular disease, could not exhibit any symptoms. Early detection and prevention depend on routine check-ups with a healthcare professional and monitoring of risk variables (such as blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels). Seek immediate medical assistance if you encounter any of these symptoms, particularly if they are severe or persistent.
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